In its latest report “Fintech Funding Roundup, Q2 2020”, Forrester provided an overview of fintech funding by venture capital firms, investors, and financial institutions. The COVID-19 pandemic and its economic impact does not spare fintech companies.
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Worst quarter since 2018 with $6.34 billion in financing
Polluted by the economic climate, the financing of the fintech sector has grown significantly over the last decade, from $1 billion in 2010 to $39 billion in 2019. The year 2020 promises to be different, with a sharp drop in investments recorded. Already noted in the first quarter of 2020, the fall is accentuated in the second quarter.
In these deleterious months, it should be noted that the American payment provider Stripe nevertheless raised $600 million in April, while the Brazilian online bank Nubank raised $300 million. Forrester noted that “the impact of the crisis continues to vary by geographic region: China recorded no transactions for the second consecutive quarter.”
Another effect of the crisis is that the fintech companies that are attracting investment are those in advanced stages and concentrated on large financings, which are considered to be more secure. Thus, 52% of funds went to late-stage startups, while the 21 companies that obtained financing of $100 million or more accounted for nearly 65% of financing for the quarter as a whole.
A concentration of funds towards digital banks, lenders and payment service providers
The investment trend continues in the fintech sector: money goes to mature, established and frequented technology areas. Investors thus favor fintech companies that improve existing processes.
Stripe is a good example of this. With its $600 million ($1.6 billion in total for a valuation of $36 billion) G-Series, the company fits perfectly into the logic of improving payment processes on the Internet, a use that is itself part of the ongoing migration trend from cash to digital payments.
In another study, Forrester pointed out the change in payment practices accelerated by the COVID-19 crisis, as cash is perceived as unhygienic and consumers are now moving towards e-commerce. Forrester also stated that the Stripe example is not unique. Checkout.com raised $150 million on its latest round, bringing its value to $5.5 billion.
The fintech companies, which fit into the dynamics of the crisis by presenting answers to consumer needs, are also attracting investors. At the crossroads of investors’ concerns and responses to the needs of populations, the new banks are doing well. Nubank, mentioned above, which now has 20 million account holders, reacted quickly during the COVID-19 pandemic by channelling government relief payments and extending credit to vulnerable people affected by the crisis. Further north, the US online bank Varo Money raised $241 million in Series D while supporting its clients by providing timely access to government support measures.
The same logic applies to the fintech companies that support VSEs and SMEs. Public funding amplifies investment in companies that provide answers to the COVID-19 crisis affecting small businesses. Forrester comes back to the example of Judo Bank, which specialises in corporate loans and banking services for small businesses, which obtained the largest financing for fintech companies in the second quarter with $649 billion, including funds from several branches of the Australian government.
Another trend is for established fintech players to acquire others to expand, such as the US online personal finance company SoFi, which was acquired for $1.2 billion by Galileo, a payment software company.
A tough future and consolidations for fintech companies
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis has been severe for the fintech sector and is far from over. The cards will be reshuffled with a more secure horizon for fintech companies that have obtained large financing and/or have sufficient capital. Forrester’s report thus puts forward some predictions for fintech companies.
In times of crisis, some fintech companies that have attacked traditional banks head-on will be at risk. As financing dries up and the trend is not improving, defaults will increase according to the report and only a few leaders are expected to stand out. With fintech companies in trouble, banks will see opportunities to make “cheap acquisitions”.
The tech giants and other large non-bank companies will continue to take an interest in fintech companies. GAFAs have already started to acquire or finance fintech companies and banks are increasingly fearful of players like Amazon or Apple who could become major players in financial services.
Forrester pointed out that without stealing huge market shares, these players’ investments in fintech companies will increase costs, making it more difficult for traditional banks to acquire innovative digital services at low prices.
Finally, back-office automation will accelerate. A mature field, it should increasingly replace manual tasks performed by bank employees, allowing banks to lower costs. That will enable banks to reduce costs, and banks that invest or make relevant acquisitions will be able to remain competitive with GAFA and the cream of the fintech industry.
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First published in SiecleDigital, a third-party contributor translated and adapted the article from the original. In case of discrepancy, the original will prevail.
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