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The Bear Market’s Over and Inflation’s Slowing, Right?

Looks like the bear market’s over and inflation’s finally halting. Happy days, right? Not so fast; it’s time to exercise a little caution. The bear market rally’s quickly approaching overbought territory, and the Fed is far from done with its rate hikes. And that’s not all; warning signs are mounting on all fronts, making it a good time for investors to sit tight, and maybe buy some gold.

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Rally, rally, rally. The bear is over! Happy days are here again. Out with the Value Stocks. In with the growth and tech stocks. Risk-taking is back. 

We urge a high degree of caution. This is a bear market rally that is quickly approaching overbought levels. It’s the B wave, the sucker’s rally. No doubt we could even see small new highs. It’s the C wave we are concerned about. The C wave could take us down 50%+ from the highs. Famous C waves – 1930-1932 -86%, 1973-1974 -45.1%, 2008-2009 -50.7%. 

The Fed is not finished hiking, and the sudden elation over the lowering of inflation is misplaced. Inflation is not yet finished, and no the Fed will not suddenly start easing as some expect. The Fed has as much as said so. More hikes are contemplated to take the Fed rate to 3.5% by December. Running off the Fed’s balance sheet is not over. Money growth is slowing. 

And the dangers continue to mount. We outline a number, including the most recent one given the raid on Mar-del-Lago. 

This week’s report will have to suffice for two weeks. We don’t expect a lot to change but be wary of topping action on the stock market. Gold is just starting to break out, and the U.S. dollar is beginning to crack to the downside. Both we believe are in an early stage. Oil prices remain high, and natural gas could be poised to make new highs.

“Importantly, in the 1930s, in the Great Depression, the Federal Reserve, despite its mandate, was quite passive and, as a result, financial crisis became very severe, lasted essentially from 1929 to 1933.”

Ben Bernanke, American economist, 14th Chair of the Federal Reserve 2006-2014, distinguished fellow of the Brookings Institute; b. 1953

“After the war, Prohibition was passed, and with liquor no longer legally available the nation plunged headlong into the Great Depression.”

Dave Barry, American author, columnist of syndicated humour for the Miami Herald 1983-2005, author of numerous books on humour, parody, comic novels, children’s novels; b. 1947

“Bernanke has cultivated this idea that he is a brilliant scholar of The Great Depression, but that’s not true at all.”

David Stockman, American politician, businessman, Republican representative 1977-1981, Director of Office of Management and Budget 1981-1985, columnist; b. 1946

As was widely expected, inflation in July cooled from June. Commodity prices, particularly oil, topped out for the most part in June and started coming down, leading to forecasts that the CPI would drop in July. It did, going from 9.1% in June to 8.5% in July. That was better than the expected 8.7%. The core inflation (ex food and energy) rate didn’t change, coming in once again at 5.9%. However, that was better than the expected 6.1%. PPI also fell to 9.8% y-o-y, down from 11.3%. That didn’t change one thing as real GDP has continued to fall against the backdrop of rising inflation. Stagflation anyone?

U.S. CPI vs. Real GDP % Change from Year Ago 1948-2022 (Source: www.stlouisfed.org)

That real GDP is falling in the face of rising inflation is no surprise. After all, every period of rising inflation over the past 70 years has resulted in falling real GDP as the chart above shows. Technically the U.S. is already in a recession given two consecutive quarters of negative GDP. Officially, however, you won’t hear the word recession uttered by anyone in a high position i.e., Joe Biden, Janet Yellen, Jerome Powell, etc. because such talk is verboten until the authorities such as the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) or the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) weigh in and say we are in an official recession. It is also not going to sway the Fed to suddenly start easing. Another 50 bp hike is targeted for September, with a further 25 bp in each of November and December. Fed officials continue to weigh on the side of tightening to squeeze out inflation. 

While it appears that inflation has temporarily topped, it doesn’t mean it’s over immediately. Prices can dis-inflate slowly while staying high. Money supply growth has slowed. Note M2 below. M1 money supply has seen its growth slow even more. The Fed’s balance sheet growth has also slowed sharply. While it may be surprising, the growth of Federal debt has also slowed. Disinflation could become the narrative as money and debt growth slow. If China’s COVID lockdowns were to stop or even be cut back, then that could also help slow inflation pressures. Not surprisingly, we’ve seen bond yields fall even as short-term yields rise, thus leading to the negative spreads we are currently seeing. Negative spreads with up to a 10-month lag are usually seen as prerequisites for a recession.

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(Source: www.stlouisfed.org)

The markets loved the lower numbers as the Dow Jones Industrial (DJI) shot up 500 points, the US$ Index fell sharply, and gold rose, albeit not a lot. Couple the good news with the higher-than-expected nonfarm payrolls, the lowest unemployment rate (U3) since February 2020, and that the U.S. finally recouped all of the job losses from the short-lived but deep pandemic recession of 2020, and there were smiles all around. Risk taking abounds once again as tech and growth stocks surged while value stocks pulled back. So, should we all be cheering? 

Well, maybe not so fast. The war in Ukraine is still raging even as wheat shipments have finally started going through; China is conducting war games around Taiwan and has hinted that some kind of military operation will continue; Russia is curtailing energy sales to the EU, and upward pressure continues on natural gas (NG) 

prices; the pandemic has slowed but is still an ongoing concern; inflation is worldwide due to higher energy prices and energy shortages and significant supply disruptions; and, there remains the potential for a food crisis, particularly in Africa where millions are at risk due to famine conditions. 

This NG chart looks quite bullish. Is that a large reverse head and shoulders pattern forming? If correct a firm breakout above $9.50 could propel NG prices in North America to $13.50/$14.00. NG prices at the Dutch Hub, already near record levels, could be propelled even higher. The energy wars are not going away.

(Source: www.stockcharts.com)

We now need to add what could turn out to be potentially the most dangerous threat to global markets and the U.S. dollar going forward. Given the issuance of search warrants at former president Donald Trump’s home at Mar-a-Lago, Florida, there is now a real possibility of civil unrest in the U.S. That could heighten further if 

Trump was indicted over the January 6, 2021 insurrection. Couple that with the deep divide between so-called “Red States” and “Blue States,” state secession becomes a possibility. Both bond and stock markets would be shaken, the U.S. dollar could fall, probably sharply, and, if that happens, gold could soar. No, we are not advocating that any of this takes place, but the fallout reaction has been swift threatening violence and assassinations in support of the former president. 
Global shipping has been disrupted, particularly out of Russia/Ukraine and in the South China Sea, and around Taiwan. The Baltic Dry Index (BDI) an index of average prices paid for the transport of dry bulk materials across more than 20 routes, has been falling. The BDI is often viewed as a leading indicator of economic activity because changes in the index reflect the supply and demand for important materials used in manufacturing. The BDI is currently falling and could be on the cusp of a breakdown from a topping pattern.

Baltic Dry Index 2002-2022 – On the Cusp of a Breakdown? (Source: www.stockcharts.com)

Markets have been in rally mode since bottoming in mid-June at the same time that commodity prices were topping. Since then, the S&P 500 has shot up almost 18%. The tech-heavy NASDAQ is up over 23%, potentially signaling that the bear market is over. The TSX has also rebounded by 11%, but then the TSX did not fall as much as the U.S. indices. As our chart of the S&P 500 below shows, we are fast approaching the downward trend line from the January 2022 top. With the RSI now over 70, it is approaching overbought, suggesting we could soon be headed for at least a temporary top. Caution is now advised. So far, this bear market rally has 

been normal, but sentiment has rebounded sharply. Recent Investor’s Intelligence percent bears have rebounded sharply in favor of the bulls. Sentiment indicators such as the put/call ratio are once again soaring into overbought territory. Are the markets ahead of themselves?

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(Source: www.stockcharts.com)

With inflation moderating and signs that the economy is slowing, bond yields have been falling. A breakdown under 2.50% for the U.S. 10-year treasury note could signal a confirmation that bond yields have topped. But we are seeing other signs of slowing. The US$ Index could be in the early throes of a breakdown. The up trendline from lows in March has broken, but the US$ Index has not yet cracked. The US$ Index is trading under the 50-day MA for the first time in months. Next up could be the rising 100-day MA, currently at 103.30. While the 50-day MA has been broken, we could still find support around here. The 200-day MA remains away currently near 100. There are signs now that the US$ Index may have topped. 

If the US$ Index has topped, that’s positive for gold and silver. Gold still has a lot of work to do in order to clear $1,880/$1,900. Above that level, $2,000 comes into focus. Silver is also breaking out from its steep downtrend but has a lot more work to do. Over the past week, the Gold/Silver ratio has been falling from lofty levels supporting silver and leading the way. Silver has considerable resistance up to $23. We need to breakout over $24 to convince us that silver is on its way potentially towards $30.

(Source: www.tradingeconomics.com, www.home.treasury.gov, www.bankofcanada.ca)
(Source: www.stockcharts.com)
(Source: www.stockcharts.com)
(Source: www.stockcharts.com)

Commodity prices (oil) have been falling. But oil needs to breakdown under $85 to suggest further declines and potential targets much lower. Otherwise, oil could find support here and start to rise again. Downside follow through from what might be a double top has been feeble so far, putting the double top scenario in doubt. All we may be witnessing instead is the formation of a gentle sloping bear channel.

(Source: www.stockcharts.com)

One area we haven’t noted is the housing market. Housing inflation is actually a big problem. Prices have shot up on the back of cheap low-interest mortgage rates and a low supply of new housing. But now, things are starting to go against the housing market. Rising interest rates have sent sales and prices tumbling. No, it has not yet turned into a route. We’ve seen 10% declines already here in Toronto in some places, and in King Township north of Toronto, it has been reported that housing prices have plunged 50%. That is steep and may be a sign of things to come especially considering that neither the Bank of Canada (BofC) nor the Fed are finished with their interest rate hikes. Recent bank reports on the housing market are now suggesting at least a 25% decline in prices. 

There is no easy panacea for bringing down the rate of inflation. Historically rising inflation has always resulted in sharply rising interest rates to try to quell inflation. Rising interest rates are the prerequisite to a recession. The Fed and the BofC are hoping for a soft landing. What they’ll probably get is a hard landing. Couple that with supply disruptions that are not going to go away, a continuation of the war in Ukraine that could still spread, the conflict between the U.S. and China over Taiwan, and the unknown potential of civil strife in the U.S. with regard to the former president. Add in other dangers, such as Iran getting closer to having a nuclear bomb and Israel responding with an attack that could trigger a Mid-East war, and the dangers keep rising. The ability of the monetary authorities to flood the system with liquidity and sharply lower interest rates once again is deeply constrained as that is what helped unleash some of the current problems in the first place. The real challenge is the supply side, not necessarily the monetary side. 

While commodity prices have fallen, the real risk is that oil prices, while down, could spike again given an uptick in the Ukraine/Russia war or an attack on Iran. That oil prices have fallen has played a big role in inflation coming down this past month. But we are not what we would say, out of the woods yet. There are signs of more danger down the road. Investors are advised to remain on the cautious side. And own some gold (real money).

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(Featured image by Pavel Danilyuk via Pexels)

DISCLAIMER: This article was written by a third party contributor and does not reflect the opinion of Born2Invest, its management, staff or its associates. Please review our disclaimer for more information.

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David has worked in the financial industry for over 40 years. He spent most of his career on the trading desks of a few large Canadian financial institutions where he was a manager and dealer in money markets, foreign exchange and financial derivative portfolios. These included Export Development Corporation (EDC), Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC) and Confederation Treasury Services Ltd. (CTSL), the treasury arm of Confederation Life Insurance Co. (CLIC). David moved into the brokerage industry in 1995, where he applied his experience in financial markets and technical analysis to writing market commentaries and articles as well as acting as an investment adviser. David spent several years writing columns for Investor’s Digest of Canada, as well as institutional and retail clients, and appearing as a guest market analyst on the Business News Network (BNN). David is a Fellow of the Canadian Securities Institute (FCSI) and a Canadian Investment Manager (CIM).