Artificial Intelligence (AI) to bridge the shortage of professionals. The Indian healthcare system is betting on technology to alleviate its deficit in facilities and professionals in the healthcare system and plans to invest $11.78 billion in AI by 2035, which will add one trillion dollars to its economy, according to a study by the World Economic Forum (WEF).
India, which next year will become the world’s most populous country, according to the United Nations (UN), has 64 doctors available per 100,000 inhabitants, below the world average of 150 professionals per 100,000 inhabitants. Moreover, the centers in the rural periphery, where 70% of the country’s population lives, suffer from a chronic lack of infrastructure, which makes diagnosis difficult.
The WEF states that the business of Artificial Intelligence technologies in the healthcare system will reach 372 billion dollars this year. The boom in this technology in the Asian country has been going on for a long time. Spending on AI has doubled since 2018 to $665 million.
For now, the organization Niti Aayog, close to the Indian government, has been testing the application of AI in primary care for the early detection of diabetes complications. Currently, they are preparing to use this technology as a screening tool in eye care, comparing AI diagnoses with that of specialists.
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Artificial Intelligence can reduce tests performed on patients
In oncology, Tata Medical Center and the Indian Institute of Technology have launched a cancer image bank. From this archive, AI can develop machine learning models that detect biomarkers and improve cancer research outcomes.
In the cardiovascular area, Microsoft’s Healthcare AI Network and Apollo Hospitals are developing a machine learning model to better predict heart attack risk. The use of this technology lowers the cost of healthcare for these patients by providing a cardiac risk score to patients without a detailed medical examination, enabling early detection of the disease.
However, AI requires a great deal of prior information to function properly. “Patients need to be aware of how their data can be used to train AI models and be clearly informed of what factors have influenced a given treatment decision or recommendation by a physician,” said the organization, which stresses the importance of this communication in the Indian healthcare system, where, on average, a physician spends between one and two minutes with his or her patient.
They also warned that the high level of automation of the healthcare system through AI can jeopardize the ability of professionals to detect errors and that this cannot replace the healthcare infrastructure needed to ensure that patients have adequate access to healthcare personnel.
To this end, the organization argues that the Indian government needs to invest in adequate investments in data infrastructure and public-private partnership programs between academia, government, industry, and organizations.
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First published in PlantaDoce, a third-party contributor translated and adapted the articles from the originals. In case of discrepancy, the original will prevail.
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