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The challenge of decarbonization and the shift to a green economy

The problem of climate transition is far more extensive and complex than the pictures of wind turbines and solar panels that are readily available in ESG fund prospectuses. More and more companies are turning to ESG strategies in order to attract investors. However, the latter should not only rely on the companies’ reports, as they would only show investors what they want to see.



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Industry, transport, materials, energy and energy suppliers: a large number of ESG strategies de facto exclude polluting sectors. For good reason: they are responsible for 90% of the world’s carbon emissions. Often, these strategies opt instead for shares of zero-emission companies, for example in technology or healthcare, thus improving the ESG scores of their funds. Is the world really going to achieve the climate transition by turning a blind eye to the “bad guys” who are vital to the economy?  

For Joe Mares, Portfolio Manager at Trium Capital, the answer is no: “We need to work with companies in these sectors that are implementing strategies to reduce their CO2 emissions,” explained the manager of an ESG neutral equity market fund. 

“We need to improve the steel and chemical sectors, shipping, aviation, cement, mining and packaging.”

In responsible finance, money generally goes into the “greenest” portfolios. One approach is to deploy exclusion filters to eliminate polluting sectors, to the benefit of green sectors. However, the problem of climate transition is far more extensive and complex than the pictures of wind turbines and solar panels that are readily available in ESG fund prospectuses. How can investors ensure that the money invested will sustainably reduce CO2 emissions across all sectors of the economy? “To do this, we need to tackle the problem of global emissions by improving the steel, chemicals, shipping, aviation, cement, mining, and packaging sectors,” said Joe Mares, who identifies companies in this heterogeneous group with significant potential for transformation, and selects those whose management teams really want to divest polluting activities. 

“You can’t be satisfied with annual sustainability reports because a lot of companies only show what investors want to see. Instead, you have to think about the whole system of the company and all its business flows.” Of course, some sectors will not change, such as thermal coal mining and tropical forest exploitation.

Find out more about the shift to a green economy and the importance to reduce the pollution with our companion app. The Born2Invest mobile app brings you the latest business news in the world.

Tomorrow’s winners may not be the companies we think about today

They may be the sectors that are changing or companies that will be able to successfully evolve their business model in line with the climate transition. “Ten years ago, all analysts were negative on the shares of the two oil refiners, ERG and Neste, which decided to restructure their activities,” explained Joe Mares. The Italian ERG had sold all its oil-related activities to develop wind power projects. Finland’s Neste used its existing structure and network of oil stations to develop a biodiesel business in addition to its core business. “These two companies that chose to divest from fossil fuels finally saw, after a few years, a resurgence in their revenues and share prices,” he said. 

Time will have proved these reconversions right, while some photovoltaic companies of the time have disappeared for various reasons. “Investors think that some activities such as oil services have no future. But the companies involved may also decide to make a transition into renewable products. It’s interesting to see how companies will evolve in 5 or 10 years,” explained the manager who selects companies ready to embark on decarbonization and whose impact will be more significant than companies in zero-emission sectors.

The European green deal

There are also regulatory opportunities to be seized for a host of companies in all economic sectors. Europe, for example, has embarked on a transition to a green economy. “It is no longer just about electricity and the electricity suppliers that have started the process, but also about construction, industry, and transport.”

A quarter of emissions come from buildings. The Green Deal will multiply initiatives to optimize construction to new environmental standards and encourage renovation. These are great opportunities for change for agile companies in cement, glass and electricity.


(Featured image by Caniceus via Pixabay)

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Valerie Harrison is a mom of two who likes reporting about the world of finance. She learned about the value of investing at a young age upon taking over her family's textile business when she was just a teenager. Valerie's passion for writing can be traced back to working with an editorial team at her corporate job, where she spent significant time working on market analysis and stock market predictions. Her portfolio includes real estate funds, government bonds, and equities in emerging markets such as cannabis, artificial intelligence, and cryptocurrencies.