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Increasing political polarization can affect the US economy

In just a decade, the difference between the Republican and the Democrat medians has increased by 55 percent.



In our November 2016 issue of Boom & Bust, I looked at the extensive Pew Research report on the growing political polarization in the U.S.

It was election time and the country was torn in two.

The key chart I shared showed that the difference between the median Republican and the median democrat had grown from 17 percent in 2004 to 33 percent in 2014doubling in just 10 years. The difference between the most politically engaged was a whopping 55 percent.

Well, recently Pew has updated this research and the results show that the polarization is just getting more extreme.

Now the difference between the median Republican and the median Democrat has grown to 36 percent (doubled in just three years), while among the politically engaged, that chasm has grown to around 60 percent.

Between 2004 and 2014, the shift was driven a bit more by republicans leaning more to the right. That is the trend that Trump took advantage of to win against the odds. Since 2014, the shift has come from Democrats leaning more to the left, particularly recently in reaction to Trump’s extreme rhetoric.

But why am I telling you this in an investment article?

I’m telling you here because it’s all part of a supercell of cycles rolling over us, and it’s going to not only reshape our economy but how we invest as well.

In my new book Zero Hour, I show that the U.S. is more politically divided than any time since the Civil War.

The Roaring 20s bubble burst and Great Depression saw similar levels of income inequality as we have today, with the top one percent controlling 50 percent of the wealth. But our political polarization was not as extreme back then as it is todayso income inequality is not the main cause of our division (which is why Bernie Sanders wasn’t as successful as Trump).

Instead, today what divides us include concern about jobs and wage losses thanks to foreign and immigrant workers,  taxes, healthcare of which Trump played big time.

Here’s the chart from the recent Pew survey that brings the divisions today into 10 key questions.

© Harry Dent

As you can see, the greatest polarization – with a 47 percent difference between republicans and democrats – lies in two points:

1. Poor people have it easy because they can get government benefits without doing anything in return.

Republicans have risen to 65 percent agreement on this statement while Democrats have fallen to 18 percent. The democratic trend down here has been stronger and more recent.

2. Black people who can’t get ahead in this country are mostly responsible for their own condition.

Republicans have risen to a whopping 75 percent agreement on this one, while Democrats have dropped to 28 percent. The democratic drop, again, has been sharper, especially in the last two years, likely due to reactions to Trump’s statements and numerous stories about police brutality against blacks.

There is a 45 percent difference on a similar point: The government today can’t afford to do much more to help the needy. Sixty-nine percent of Republicans agreed with this statement while only 24 percent of Democrats do.

The two points where there’s the least difference and where the chasm has narrowed some are:

1. Homosexuality should be discouraged by society.

This got a 13 percent approval from Democrats and a 37 percent approval from republican. That’s a mere 24 percent difference.

2. Most corporations make a fair and reasonable amount of profit. 

Fifty-two percent of Republicans agreed with this statement compared to only 24 percent of Democrats. That’s a 28 percent difference.

Then there is the big Trump issue: Immigrants today are a burden on our country because they take our jobs, housing, and healthcare. Forty-four percenRepublicansicans agreed with that statement, but only 12 percent of Democrats did, marking a difference of 32 percent!

I also think the point on the military is telltale. It said: The best way to ensure peace is through military strength. Fifty-three percent of Republicans agreed while only 13 percent of Democrats did, marking a 40 percent difference.

There’s an eleventh question that wasn’t included in the chart: Islam as a religion is more likely to encourage violence among its followers. To that, 65 percent of Republicans agreed while only 27 percent of democrat did. The difference between the two parties has increased from 11 percent in 2002 to 38 percent in 2017!

These wide and growing differences in views, and Trump’s clear tendency to enhance such divisiveness, clearly augurs for some sort of movement to split into a blue and red America. And we’re not the only country seeing such splits.

(Chart is courtesy of PEW Research Center)


DISCLAIMER: This article expresses my own ideas and opinions. Any information I have shared are from sources that I believe to be reliable and accurate. I did not receive any financial compensation in writing this post, nor do I own any shares in any company I’ve mentioned. I encourage any reader to do their own diligent research first before making any investment decisions.

Harry S. Dent Jr. studied economics in college in the 1970s, receiving his MBA from Harvard Business School, where he was a Baker Scholar and was elected to the Century Club for leadership excellence. Harry grew to find the study of economics vague and inconclusive and became so disillusioned by the state of his chosen profession that he turned his back on it. Instead, he threw himself into the burgeoning new science of finance which married economic research and market research. Identifying and studying demographic trends, business cycles, consumers’ purchasing power and many other trends empowered Harry to forecast economic and market changes. Over the last three decades, he’s spoken to executives, financial advisors and investors around the world. He’s appeared on “Good Morning America,” PBS, CNBC and CNN/FN. He’s been featured in Barron’s, Investor’s Business Daily, Entrepreneur, Fortune, Success, U.S. News and World Report, Business Week, The Wall Street Journal, American Demographics and Omni. He is a regular guest on Fox Business’s “America’s Nightly Scorecard.” Harry has also written numerous best-selling books over the years, such as The Great Boom Ahead, The Roaring 2000s, the Roaring 2000s Investors and The Demographic Cliff. In his most recent book The Sale of a Lifetime: How the Great Bubble Burst of 2017 Can Make You Rich (2016), Harry looks at the upcoming economic crisis and reveals how it could be the single greatest chance to build wealth we’ll ever see and how we can capitalize on such a unique and historical opportunity. He explains how many of the richest Americans in history have used this same kind of opportunity to quickly accumulate incredible amounts of money, in a short period of time.