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Agriculture markets rally as China looks at TPP compliance

China passed a law on Friday protecting foreign investments and investors. This had been a key demand from the US in the trade deal negotiations and something China had to do to comply with the Trans-Pacific Partnership.



The market reacted to news that negotiations between the US and China for a new trade agreement continue with good progress. There will not be a signing ceremony this month, but indications are that an agreement could be reached by the Easter holiday. China would be committing to buy a huge amount of US agricultural goods. On Friday, China did institute a law protecting and streamlining external investment in its country in response to US pressure and in acknowledgment of the need to find foreign investors in any case. The move was made to put China in compliance with its commitments to the Trans-Pacific Partnership as much as in response to US pressure.


Winter wheat markets were higher and Minneapolis Spring Wheat prices closed slightly lower for the week. Chicago SRW prices are now challenging important resistance on the weekly charts at 464.25 May, and breaking and holding above that level would encourage a lot of fund buying. The market remains worried about demand but seems to have bottomed out and started to go higher, anyway. Demand overall has been improving for US wheat in export markets but took a couple of hits last week as the weekly sales report was not strong and as wire services noted new sales from Russia into Asia, a market that the Americans had been expected to supply at this time this year.

There are also concerns about production for the coming year. The crop was planted in difficult conditions last year as it was very wet in the Great Plains and the Midwest. It is very likely that not all intended area got planted. Both regions saw some extreme cold over the winter and some winterkill is expected. Prices are cheap enough now that some cattle producers in the central and southern Great Plains might use the wheat area for grazing instead of for cash crops. Prices are very high in the region right now for feed, so grazing the wheat might make more economic sense.

Minneapolis prices have been holding better as the market waits for spring to arrive. The big winter storm in the Dakotas and other areas last week has given way to improving weather this week. The region will need a lot of good weather before planting can begin. Demand for spring wheat has been less lately due to the price spreads between spring here and competing wheat around the world. A rally in world Wheat prices would help improve demand potential for the US and Canadian spring wheat.

Weekly Chicago Soft Red Winter Wheat Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly Chicago Hard Red Winter Wheat Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly Minneapolis Hard Red Spring Wheat Futures ©Jack Scoville


Corn closed higher last week despite demand concerns that included a bad weekly export sales report. Oats closed slightly higher. The market reacted to news that negotiations between the US and China for a new trade agreement continue with good progress. Ideas are that China would buy some significant amounts of corn as they would be committing to buy a huge amount of US agricultural goods

South American weather is generally good as more showers are reported in central and northern Brazil. The winter corn crop is being planted as soybeans get harvested, so the rains are very beneficial after an extended dry season. US farmers are still trying to decide on their planting mix this year. Corn planting should be starting in areas near the Gulf Coast, but fieldwork in many cases has been delayed by excessive rains in the past few weeks.

Much of the US will have a drier week this week, and this will be a very welcome development in all areas. There has been way too much rain and snow this year for any fieldwork to be considered, but that might start to change this week. The market has a different feel right now and sentiment seems to be more even-handed instead of only bearish. The funds and other speculators hold big short positions and might be forced to cover in the near future.

Weekly Corn Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly Oats Futures ©Jack Scoville

Soybeans and soybean meal

Soybeans and Soybean Meal were higher last week, but soybean oil was lower. Demand for US soybeans was strong in the world export markets again last week. The US sold more than 1.9 million tons to mostly China. China had been reported to be a significant buyer the previous week and the export sales report confirmed that the business was done. The news has helped Chicago become a much more two-sided market and to have a different feel to the trade. Brazil is over half done with its harvest now and should start to show increased offers and very competitive prices soon. Argentina also looks to export this year as crops there are much better.

The weather in the US is very cold in the north and very wet in the south. Very little fieldwork is getting done, and planting delays are possible for Corn and rice. This could force more acres to Soybeans unless the weather changes in the next month. The weather will feature drier, but cool conditions this week in almost all the US growing areas. The weekly soybeans charts show that the market might be forming a bull flag, so any new buying and moves to new highs this week could find some significant speculator and fund buying.

Weekly Chicago Soybeans Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly Chicago Soybean Meal Futures ©Jack Scoville


Rice was higher for the week and made new highs for the move. Planting conditions are expected to improve this week near the Gulf Coast and in the Delta. All areas have seen some extreme precipitation and mostly cool to cold temperatures for the last month, and getting much fieldwork done has been all but impossible. However, some small areas in Texas and Louisiana have been planted, and areas near Houston saw some initial fieldwork getting done. Fieldwork should start to expand this week as the weather turns drier, but remains somewhat cool. The better weather is timely as producers were starting to get worried and some were wondering if they would be able to plant rice.

The planting will be on time or only slightly delayed if favorable weather continues. The export sales report was bad last week, but export demand overall has been positive for the market. The US has rice to sell, but the rice is getting sold and exported. Domestic demand has been moderate. Farmers have mostly sold the rice in the south, but there is still a lot to sell in Arkansas and into Missouri and Mississippi. US internal prices are holding about steady. Prices in Asian export markets were steady to higher last week.

Weekly Chicago Rice Futures ©Jack Scoville

Palm oil and vegetable oils

World vegetable oils prices were high last week. Palm Oil managed to close with small gains in consolidation trading. Palm oil held as demand reports from the private surveyors showed that palm oil demand remained weaker. There were some reports that production in Malaysia was holding better than expected. Production usually trends lower at this time of year due to seasonal factors, but reports from the country indicate that production has held closer to unchanged.

Canola continues weak overall as supplies in the country remain high and demand has softened. Compounding the problem for canola is a court case in which a Chinese national could be deported to the US on industrial espionage charges. The hearings on the case are underway in Canada now and the hearings and entire case have caused friction in the relationship between Canada and China. Soybean oil was a little higher in consolidation trading. It could eventually test support near 2800-basis the nearest trading month. US soybean oil faces increased competition in world markets from Argentina as its Soybeans are harvested and processed. Argentina will look to reclaim its position as the largest exporter of soybean oil in the world.

Weekly Malaysian Palm Oil Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly Chicago Soybean Oil Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly Canola Futures ©Jack Scoville


Cotton was higher again last week. The daily charts for May futures show that the prices faded from resistance near 7600 last week, but the weekly charts show that an uptrend has started. The weekly export sales report showed weaker demand for US cotton again, but the market seemed more impressed with what was going on in Washington and in growing areas of the US. The US weather continues to feature a lot of rain in the south, and fieldwork and initial planting in far southern areas are mostly delayed. Drier weather is forecast for this week, and there are hopes that at least some initial fieldwork can get done.

Weekly US Cotton Futures ©Jack Scoville

Frozen concentrated orange juice and citrus

FCOJ was higher and trends turned up on the daily and weekly charts. Speculators appeared to be the best buyers. Ideas continue that production remains strong and demand does not and are backed up by the weekly Florida Movement and Pack report that shows that inventories inside the state are significantly higher than a year ago. The oranges harvest remains active in Florida as the weather is mostly dry.

The early and mid-harvest is about over and producers are concentrating on harvesting Valencias now. The fruit is abundant. Florida producers are seeing small sized to good sized fruit, and work in groves maintenance is active. Irrigation is being used in all areas. Packing houses are open to process fruit for the fresh market, and all processors are open. Flowering for the next crop is seen everywhere and some small fruit is forming. Mostly good conditions are reported in Brazil, and some beneficial rains should be seen this week. USDA left Florida production estimates unchanged at 77 million boxes this month.

Weekly FCOJ Futures ©Jack Scoville


Futures were a little lower for the week in New York. The weekly charts show that futures are testing lows made last Fall and are mostly holding these levels. Prices closed lower for the week in London and started to break down from an extended sideways trading pattern. Speculators are keeping the pressure on the New York market as they fear big supplies of Arabica with not enough demand. A stronger US dollar has also created speculative selling pressure. Brazil export data has shown a strong pace at over three million bags for the third month in a row.

The strong pace comes at a time when Brazil exports are usually starting to wane and importers start to buy more from other origins. The ICO has forecast a surplus year again this year, and inventory data from ICO and others shows ample supplies. Prices are moving below profitable levels for Colombia, and have been below profitable levels for producers in Central America. Further weakness will cause farmers in Brazil, Peru, and Vietnam to start losing money as well. Brazil had a big production year for the current crop, but the next crop should be less as it is the off year for production.

Ideas are that the current production of 62 or 63 or more million bags can become about 52 million bags next year. El Nino is fading but remains in the forecast, and coffee areas in Brazil could be affected by the drought that could hurt production even more. Showers are in the forecast for this week. Vietnam is active in its harvest, but producers are not willing to sell at current prices. Production in Vietnam is estimated less than 30 million bags due to uneven weather during the growing season. It is still dry, and production potential for the next crop is getting hurt.

Weekly New York Arabica Coffee Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly London Robusta Coffee Futures ©Jack Scoville


Both markets were a little higher for the week. Chart patterns on the weekly charts are down. The fundamentals still suggest big supplies, and the weather in Brazil has improved to support big production ideas. Reports that Brazilian mills might pause and give sugarcane production a chance to improve helped support the market. Brazil weather is improving in all areas as there is less rain in southern areas and more to the north. Brazil has been using a larger part of its sugarcane harvest to produce ethanol this year instead of augar, but Thailand has shown increased production this year.

Ideas that production in India and Pakistan is being hurt by news that Indian mills are asking the government not to force them to sell sugar into a depressed world market. They do not want to lose more money as they have already needed government subsidies to keep working. The ISO now estimates the world Sugar surplus at 641,000 tons in 2018-19, from its previous estimate of 2.17 million tons. Very good conditions are reported in Thailand.

Weekly New York World Raw Sugar Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly London White Sugar Futures ©Jack Scoville


Futures closed lower in both markets. Chart patterns remain weak, but a move higher this week could negate the downtrends. The main crop harvest should be about over and mid-crop harvest is still a month or more away. The main crop harvest is active in West Africa, and Ivory Coast arrivals are strong. However, arrivals have started to fade. The weekly pace just a month or two ago was about 15 percent ahead of a year ago and now is under 10 percent of a year ago.

Growing conditions are generally good in West Africa. Some early week showers and cooler temperatures were beneficial; it is warmer now and mostly dry. Harmattan winds were reported early in the week in Nigeria, and there is talk of production losses there. Cameroon is also reporting less production and prices there are reported strong. Conditions appear good in East Africa and Asia.

Weekly New York Cocoa Futures ©Jack Scoville
Weekly London Cocoa Futures ©Jack Scoville

(Featured image by Mr.Whiskey via Shutterstock)

DISCLAIMER: This article expresses my own ideas and opinions. Any information I have shared are from sources that I believe to be reliable and accurate. I did not receive any financial compensation for writing this post, nor do I own any shares in any company I’ve mentioned. I encourage any reader to do their own diligent research first before making any investment decisions.

Jack Scoville is a futures market analyst specializing in grains, softs, rice, oilseeds, and tropical products such as coffee and sugar. In addition to writing daily market commentaries in both English and Spanish, he offers brokerage services to an international clientele of agricultural producers, processors, exporters, and other professional traders. He is regularly quoted by major wire services including Dow Jones, AP, and Reuters. His comments are sourced by newspapers around the world and on various radio and television programs.