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Morocco’s budget deficit is in line with the forecasts

The implementation of the Amending Finance Law at the end of December 2020 revealed a budget deficit of $9.2 million (82.4 MMDH), representing 7.6% of GDP. This result is in line with last July’s forecasts which expected a deficit of 7.5%. With regard to capital expenditure, the implementation of the LFR was characterized by a sustained effort.



The Ministry of Economy, Finance and Administrative Reform has just released the Situation of the Treasury’s Expenses and Resources (SCRT) for the year 2020. This document on the implementation of the Amending Finance Law (LFR), adopted last July, shows a budget deficit of $9.2 million (82.4 MMDH), representing 7.6% of GDP. This result is in line with the forecasts which expected a deficit of 7.5% instead of 3.5% in the LF 2020.

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Decrease of 1.8% in ordinary revenues

At the revenue level, 2020 resulted in a decrease in ordinary revenue of 1.8% from the decrease in direct taxes of 3.9%, customs duties of 2.2%, indirect taxes of 7% and registration and stamp duties of 11.4%, combined with an increase in non-tax revenue of 21.9%. Indeed, non-tax revenues recorded capital losses in innovative financing -$1.28 million (-11.5 MMDH) and revenues and proceeds from asset disposals from public institutions and companies -$550,000 (-5 MMDH). Capital losses that were only partially offset by the improvement of “assistance and grant funds”$624,000 (+5.6 MMDH) and “miscellaneous income” $480,000 (+4.3 MMDH). 

Thus, had it not been for the good revenues recorded in tax revenues, which generated a capital gain of $1.45 million (13 MMDH), these capital losses recorded in non-tax revenues could not have been offset and would have led to a more severe budget deficit. In fact, this capital gain occurred despite the State’s continued efforts to reimburse VAT credits, which reached $1.16 million (10.4 MMDH) at the end of 2020 against $1.1 million (9.8 MMDH) one year earlier. The prize goes largely to the recovery of VAT, which recorded a 113.7% implementation rate. The level of advance payments and regularization supplements paid in 2020 was not affected by the crisis, thus recording total revenues of $4.2 million (37.6 MMDH) at the end of 2020, against $4.12 million (36.9 MMDH) one year earlier.

“Admittedly, the SI is largely related to the 2019 results, but even the other taxes, whose return is correlated to the 2020 activity, have shown some resilience,” explained the Ministry.

For example, after a sharp drop during the period of containment (March-May 2020), tax revenues began to show a stronger than expected recovery from June onwards, as containment was eased. IR revenues thus showed a rate of achievement in line with the LFR forecast of 100.3%. Inland VAT revenue also showed a realization rate of 114.4%, representing a capital gain of $300,000 (2.7 MMDH), while registration and stamp duties showed a realization rate of 104.7%.

“This good performance of tax revenues has been helped by the effect of the spontaneous regularization of the tax situation of taxpayers, subject of the measure introduced by the LF 2020 and whose impact, estimated at nearly $334,000 (3 MMDH), was felt mainly in December,” the ministry stressed.

Revenue from customs duties and VAT on imports also increased compared to the LFR forecasts, with a realization rate of 119.6% and 110.2% respectively, in relation to the increase in imports of 10.8%, including 36.4% for energy products. Domestic consumption taxes (TIC) were slightly lower than forecast (99.2%), mainly due to the decline in TIC on energy products as a result of the 12.8% drop in fuel consumption.

7.4% increase in expenses

As regards expenditure, this increased by 7.4% in 2020, resulting from the increase in expenditure on goods and services by 5.7% due to the increase in personnel expenditure by 4.5% and other goods and services by 8.2%, and the increase in tax refunds, rebates and restitutions by 5.2% and capital expenditure by 27.4%, combined with the decrease in debt charges and interest and compensation issues by 35.7%. “This being said, despite the increase in compensation charges, ordinary expenses were contained at $25.9 million (231.9 MMDH), thus achieving an execution rate of 97.7% compared to the LFR 2020 forecasts, thanks to savings made in goods and services and debt interest,” the ministry revealed. 

The cost of compensation has indeed been $189,000 (1.7 MMDH) higher than forecast, mainly due to the increase in butane gas prices to an average of $380 per ton against a forecast of $290 per ton. Expenditure on goods and services, on the other hand, showed a saving of $690,000 (6.2 MMDH); in the same vein, net interest on debt recorded a saving of nearly $122,000 (1.1 MMDH). These changes in ordinary income and expenditure made it possible to reduce the ordinary balance to nearly -$312,000 (-2.8 MMDH), compared to a forecast of -$1.67 million (-15 MMDH).

With regard to capital expenditure, the implementation of the LFR was characterized by a sustained effort. Indeed, investments reached $9.58 million (85.9 MMDH), corresponding to a realization rate of 121.3%, up by $1.51 million 13.6 MMDH (+18.8%) compared to 2019. This amount covers, in addition to the traditional investments of the State, the allocation of $1.67 million (15 MMDH) planned for the Strategic Investment Fund that all operators expect for the recovery of the economy.


(Featured image by Lukas Blazek via Unsplash)

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Leah Marie Angelou is an LGBTI activist and equality advocate. She has been a writer for several feminism-focused groups for nearly a decade. Her pieces are often focused on career development and the workplace. She also regularly covers personal and micro-finance, business management and entrepreneurship. Recently she has also focused on covering the promising CBD and hemp industry.