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Is there a butter shortage in Europe?

In France, for instance, media reports have shown empty shelves where butter normally is.



It is that time of year again when two main U.S. holidays take place about a month apart. Thanksgiving and Christmas are highlights of the year for many families. Families and friends will travel long distances to celebrate the holidays. With these events is generally plenty of food and the resurrection of recipes that may have been hidden in a recipe box or folder for the past year.

Many of these special recipes require an ingredient that is in great demand during this time of year. That ingredient is butter. Butter is used throughout the year, but it is not in as high of demand as it is during November and December as baking surges. Many grocery stores use butter as a loss-leader to get consumers into stores. Butter will be sold at or below cost many times to entice consumers to come to the store. If a store can get a consumer to step inside due to sales, it is then easy to entice them to purchase other items thereby making up for the item that may be advertised at cost or below.

Butter has long been used as a loss-leader to entice consumers into stores as butter is the preference for baking at these end of the year holidays. Stores stock up on butter prior to this time of year and also purchase supply as needed. This is the time of year during which a butter shortage would be devastating. Yet, this has happened a few times in history when there was concern over tight supply resulting in butter being sold on the black market. This is another one of those years in which butter supply is tightening with this tightening taking place in Europe.

Lower supply is not due to the upcoming holidays and strong demand but as a result of decreased milk production over the past year and longer resulting in lower butter supply. France has been in the spotlight as media reports have shown empty shelves where butter normally is and increasing prices common. Pastry chefs had been holding back in passing higher butter prices on to consumers but indicated they will need to do that soon. What was taking place in France reached various business and investing oriented newspapers increasing the hype that generally surrounds events of this kind.

Yes, it is true that France is facing a butter shortage, but it is a shortage of French butter which is preferred by French people due to its high quality. France holds the distinction of producing some of the world’s best butter. They also lead the world in butter consumption which reached 17.6 pounds per capita in 2015 (per capita butter consumption in the U.S. is 5.7 pounds). The French have little desire for imported butter thereby creating a self-imposed butter shortage. However, if push comes to shove, French consumers will purchase alternatives just like everyone else when prices get too high and preferred supply is tight.

butter shortage

There is reportedly a lack of butter supply in France. Butter in France is well-known for its high quality. (Source)

Even though butter supply in the European Union been tighter this year with price reaching €6800 per metric ton in late September, the price is weakening. EU butter futures have the price for the second quarter of 2018 trading at €4800 per metric ton. Western European price has weakened consistently over the past month and the decline has been characterized as unusually rapid. This decline has prompted some buyers to hold back in anticipation of yet lower prices.

If Europe was facing the potential of running out of butter, they would be coming to the U.S. or other countries for supply. Yet, September exports of butter from the U.S. were 16 percent lower than a year ago even though the price is very competitive on the world market. Butter price on the Global Dairy Trade auction in early November showed a price of $2.50 per pound compared to the U.S. price of $2.25 per pound rendering U.S. butter competitive on the world market.

Interestingly, neither the EU nor the U.S. is the world’s largest producers of butter. That distinction goes to India who is the largest producer and consumer of butter. Their butter is primarily in the form of clarified butter called ghee. India is projected to produce 5.4 million metric tons of butter this year. The second largest producer is the EU with expected production of 2.65 million metric tons. The U.S. ranks third with production expected to reach 890,000 metric tons.

Despite a tightness of butter supply in Europe heading into the holiday season, it has not spurred greater imports from the U.S. and has not supported price which has been declining since early August. This has been most unfortunate for those who anticipated strong exports from the U.S. to move butter price to $3.00 before the end of the year. This seems unattainable at present. High prices may have cured high prices.


DISCLAIMER: This article expresses my own ideas and opinions. Any information I have shared are from sources that I believe to be reliable and accurate. I did not receive any financial compensation in writing this post, nor do I own any shares in any company I’ve mentioned. I encourage any reader to do their own diligent research first before making any investment decisions.


Robin Schmahl was born and raised on a dairy farm in Elkhart Lake, Wisconsin. After graduating from high school, he attended college to study music. Robin then returned to the fourth-generation family farm in 1980 to work in partnership with his father before taking over the dairy farming operation. Robin joined Allendale, Inc. in 1996 as a commodity broker. In 1998, he became the manager of the branch office located in Elkhart Lake, Wisconsin. In 2001, Robin worked with DTN Ag1 and developed a dairy marketing program. Then in 2002, his office changed its status to become an IB (Introducing Broker), known as AgDairy LLC, a full-service commodity brokerage firm providing hedging and marketing programs for grain and dairy, as well as trading in all commodities. Robin’s market knowledge, analysis and practical experience makes him a natural and frequent speaker throughout the United States. Robin is a Dairy Analyst for Telvent DTN writing dairy commentary twice daily for the company. He also writes a bi-weekly column on the U.S. dairy industry for the international publication “Dairy Industry Newsletter” and “Milk Profit Brief” found on as well the weekly dairy market wrap-up for AgWeb radio. Robin is a consultant for the Gehrson Lehrman Group on various agricultural topics. He has written articles, does radio commentary and been quoted in various publications as well as continuing his brokerage responsibilities. Robin has his office on the active family farm. To contact Robin email him at: or call 877-256-3253.