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Trend in global debt gets more concerning

Global debt is growing fast, and in the U.S. alone, corporate bonds has climbed 159 percent since the fourth quarter of 2017.

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It’s no secret that our Federal debt has more than doubled since the onset of the last recession in late 2007.

It’s gone from $10.1 trillion to $23.6 trillion. That’s a 134 percent increase in just 11 years!

And now Trump’s business tax cuts are pushing that debt higher still. It’s now at 114 percent of GDP. It was only 69 percent of GDP in late 2007.

In fact, government debt has been roughly doubling every eight years or two administrations.

It was $11.7 trillion at the end of the Bush era (early 2009); $21.4 trillion at the end of the Obama era (early 2017).

At a similar, near-doubling rate, it could be as high as $39 trillion at the beginning of 2025, when Trump would be out of office if he serves two terms, which I think is unlikely.

Doesn’t seem possible, does it? $39 trillion!?

But when you consider the impacts of the large corporate tax cuts in the deep depression I expect we’ll see between 2020 and 2023/2024, that dizzying figure doesn’t seem all that impossible after all.

What if deficits start running $2.0 trillion to $2.5 trillion a year?

And there’s a lot of off-balance sheet debt that comes in. Debt has always gone up faster than the cumulative deficits.

Consumer debt has only come back to slight new highs at $14.2 trillion and the financial sector debt has declined $2.1 trillion since its peak in 2008.

Corporate debt has gone up the fastest—49 percent—in the Fed-engineered, low-rate environment. It’s gone from $10.1 trillion, or 68 percent of GDP, to $15 trillion, or 73 percent GDP. $7.35 trillion of that is loans. $7.65 trillion is corporate bonds.

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But the big factor has been the corporate bonds stimulated by massive QE and lower than market rates…

Up more than government debt…

Most people aren’t aware that these have gone up more than government debt. They’ve gone from $2.95 trillion at the beginning of 2008 to $7.65 trillion in late 2018, heading towards $8.0 trillion-plus. That’s 159 percent as of now, greater than the growth of the Federal debt.

The worst part is that much of that has been used for leveraging earnings through stock buybacks that shrink shares rather than grow capacity and sales/earnings—and not for expansion of capacity.

The corporate tax cuts also didn’t increase capital spending as was projected!

It’s the same phenomenon around the globe—from China to Turkey—with corporate debt growing the fastest thanks to low rates and the plentiful dollars and euros printed to bail us developed countries out of our last debt crisis.

global debt

©Harry Dent

The fastest growth in the U.S. in recent years has been in near-junk or BBB-rated bonds. Why not, when investors see little risk of a recession after a 10-year expansion, the longest in history without a recession.

Inevitable…

History would say the odds are not just high, but inevitable, that we’ll get that recession in the next year or two!

BBB-rated bonds are now the biggest single sector at $3.2 trillion or 42 percent.

The second largest is A-rated, the lowest level of investment grade, at $2.5 trillion or 33 percent.

BBB-rated bonds have risen by 26 percent or $900 billion since early 2016. They, and lower-rated bonds, are now the majority, at 56 percent. They were just 46 percent at the beginning of 2008 and the beginning of the great recession.

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The only good news is that the junk bonds at BB, B, and C—at $1.05 trillion—are now only $0.5 trillion, or 14 percent. They were $1.4 trillion (or 35 percent) in 2008. We at least learned something from the last recession and the debt bubble.

What are the consequences of this recklessness?

Last time around, between defaults and bond values falling due to rising risks, corporate bonds lost 35 percent of their value or about $1 trillion.

This time I think bonds will peak at around $8 trillion and then lose about $3 trillion in value. That’s 38 percent.

Failing U.S. subprime loans triggered the last global debt crisis. This next one is likely to come from failing emerging market corporate debts, followed by the U.S. and developed country defaults and bond devaluations…

Just another “brick in the wall.”

DISCLAIMER: This article expresses my own ideas and opinions. Any information I have shared are from sources that I believe to be reliable and accurate. I did not receive any financial compensation for writing this post, nor do I own any shares in any company I’ve mentioned. I encourage any reader to do their own diligent research first before making any investment decisions.

Harry S. Dent Jr. studied economics in college in the 1970s, receiving his MBA from Harvard Business School, where he was a Baker Scholar and was elected to the Century Club for leadership excellence. Harry grew to find the study of economics vague and inconclusive and became so disillusioned by the state of his chosen profession that he turned his back on it. Instead, he threw himself into the burgeoning new science of finance which married economic research and market research. Identifying and studying demographic trends, business cycles, consumers’ purchasing power and many other trends empowered Harry to forecast economic and market changes. Over the last three decades, he’s spoken to executives, financial advisors and investors around the world. He’s appeared on “Good Morning America,” PBS, CNBC and CNN/FN. He’s been featured in Barron’s, Investor’s Business Daily, Entrepreneur, Fortune, Success, U.S. News and World Report, Business Week, The Wall Street Journal, American Demographics and Omni. He is a regular guest on Fox Business’s “America’s Nightly Scorecard.” Harry has also written numerous best-selling books over the years, such as The Great Boom Ahead, The Roaring 2000s, the Roaring 2000s Investors and The Demographic Cliff.In his most recent book The Sale of a Lifetime: How the Great Bubble Burst of 2017 Can Make You Rich (2016), Harry looks at the upcoming economic crisis and reveals how it could be the single greatest chance to build wealth we’ll ever see and how we can capitalize on such a unique and historical opportunity. He explains how many of the richest Americans in history have used this same kind of opportunity to quickly accumulate incredible amounts of money, in a short period of time.

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