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Grains and harvest progress affected by weather

Poor weather conditions are hampering grains productions across Brazil and Argentina, threating a lower global production.

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Nothing seems to get the grain markets as worked up as a good weather story. As rain continues to hamper harvest progress in Brazil, the lack of rain in Argentina has yield predictions on the slide as the crop moves through critical growth stages. The Buenos Aires Grains Exchange has already slashed yield estimates to 51.0 MMT from 54.0 MMT in October versus last year’s massive 57.8 MMT. As a key soymeal exporting nation, a shortfall in production could send shockwaves through the global soymeal market.

However, this weather story is lacking the momentum we have experienced in recent weather scares. The previous two summer scares in the United States followed with record-breaking crops greatly reduced the markets’ will to buy into these stories while the bottom line remains — there is simply too much grain under producer ownership.

With ample supplies in the U.S., even the threat of less global production will be a challenge to motivate markets to turn higher in advance. First, producers with the Mar. 1 deadline quickly approaching will be in need of cash and the simple fact that they can’t move all the grain in the summer. Rallies will be rewarded by those that failed to do so on the last weather rallies. Reward the board they say and that line of thought is evident as the grain markets pull back across the board.

Even wheat is struggling to keep the weather momentum alive. Receiving extremely poor crop condition ratings as the plains states grapple with an expanding drought through an area that experienced poor planting conditions and even less acreage has amounted to nothing spectacular for producers.

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Helping prod the market higher has been managed money. Holding a long-term short position in most grains, managed money has recently set record short positions nearly across the board as we discovered the U.S. crop wasn’t as bad as we thought. Through last week, managed money was busy buying back that massive short by 59,000 soybeans, 88,000 corn and 48,000 wheat all in one week. Now holding a net short position of 22,000 soybeans, 131,000 corn and 96,000 wheat compared to their record short positions of 118,000 soybeans, 230,000 corn and 162,000 wheat.

We all know managed money isn’t afraid to sell the market so the concern here becomes, what if South America isn’t as bad as we think? The door is now open for them to sell into this market once again at a time that producers will be selling too, much less add into topic of even higher soybean acres that are just around the corner.

grains markets

The grains markets are expecting lower yields due to poor weather conditions. (Photo by Deposit Photos)

The USDA currently has 2017/18 global soybean ending stocks at 98.57 MMT, up from 16/17’s 96.49 MMT and even higher yet from 15/16’s 78.02 MMT. Even if Argentina’s crop comes in short, the sleeping giant that isn’t making headlines like Argentina is Brazil. Currently estimated by the USDA to produce 110.0 MMT, down from last year’s record 114.1 MMT, there is quiet chatter that Brazil’s bumper crop last year may soon take the second place title.

Brazil’s AgRural raised their production estimate from 114.1 to 116.2 MMT, MD Commodities at 115.4, up from 112.2 MMT, and COFCO at 113.5 MMT. With backyard analysts raising the bar for Brazil, production losses in Argentina may be minor to the gains by their northern neighbor. Then, add in higher U.S. soybean acreage and we may have a disaster brewing if another even average crop is achieved here.

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The market typically gives at least one opportunity to market the yearly production. While this recent rally may not be the only opportunity in the near future, there is a reason to be concerned. Barring a major drought in the U.S. or a much-worsening condition in South America, the global supply of food is large. The memories of selling too early from 2012 remain strong in the minds of many. However, as producers struggle to reach breakeven, much less achieve a profit, a quicker trigger on sales may be warranted.

Producers should be looking at the estimated cost of productions and determine if today’s futures prices work for their operations. Everybody hates to miss out on an extended rally like in 2012, but the pain of missing out on the sale before an extended sell-off is worse.

(Featured image via Deposit Photos)

DISCLAIMER: Trading commodity futures and options involves substantial risk of loss and may not be suitable for all investors. You should carefully consider whether trading is suitable for you in light of your circumstances, knowledge and financial resources.

Brian Grossman is a full-service market strategist with Zaner Ag Hedge Group, focusing on working with producers and end users in the agricultural industry. Brian was born and raised on the family farm in North Dakota, attended North Dakota State University where he graduated in 2010 with a degree in Agricultural Economics and an emphasis on commodity marketing/risk management. Brian then returned to the family farm where he farmed with his parents up to their retirement in 2015. After leaving the farm Brian joined the Zaner Ag Hedge Group, as a former client, and now is helping other producers and end users management price risk within their operations. Brian has nearly 10 years of marketing experience with the majority of those years during his time farming. You can contact Brian at (312) 277-0119 and bgrossman@zaner.com.

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