Global or local, that is the question. The Covid-19 pandemic, the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and the repeated tensions between the United States and China threaten a more deglobalized future. In fact, the fear of slowbalization and regionalism is palpable, as was evident at the last annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF), held in the first half of the year. Amidst so much debate and back-and-forth, it seems that the pharmaceutical sector is making a stand in favor of a more global, more united, and more integrated world.
The relationship between Europe and Asia in the pharmaceutical sector is almost between parties whose understanding is or should be, inescapable. The Old Continent is the main export market for pharmaceuticals while relying primarily on Asia-Pacific for active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) inputs, according to the report Global flows: The ties that bind in an interconnected world, published by McKinsey.
According to data from the US consulting firm, Europe exports more than 25% of its pharmaceutical products to the rest of the world, while Central Asia and even sub-Saharan Africa import more than 25% of pharmaceuticals. Not only does McKinsey point out the Asian dependence in the production of APIs, but another report published by Teva points out that China is one of the major global powers, and 41% of the APIs required by the industry leave its borders for the rest of the world.
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China exports more than 40% of active pharmaceutical ingredients
Asian dependence has become even more evident with Covid-19. Europe has gradually lost its leading position in API manufacturing, especially in the off-patent generics sector. Instead, the pharma industry has witnessed a consolidation of API manufacturing in Asia, a situation that was further exacerbated during the pandemic, when Europe’s dependence on such basic essential APIs as paracetamol became a glaring weakness.
Further evidence that the healthcare sector is dodging the ghosts of de-globalization and relying on this sort of more integrated world is related to the production of technology, also applied to the healthcare business.
Europe and North America provide much of the advanced machinery and intangible know-how that supports the production of electronic products such as semiconductors, according to McKinsey. Semiconductor technology plays an essential role in smart, connected wearable healthcare devices that keep patients out of hospitals.
In addition, the growing number of people suffering from diabetes is significantly supporting the growth of semiconductors in healthcare. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 422 million people have diabetes worldwide, and the number is rising, leading to an increase in sales of a glucometer, for example.
Thus, the world appears to remain deeply interconnected and trade flows have proven remarkably resilient during the most recent economic and social turbulence. McKinsey notes in his report that the challenge is to “harness the benefits of interconnectedness while managing the risks and downsides of dependence.”
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First published in PlantaDoce, a third-party contributor translated and adapted the article from the original. In case of discrepancy, the original will prevail.
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